Kurdistan Regional Government
FRI, 24 OCT 2014 11:28 Erbil, GMT +3

The people of the Kurdistan Region



Population: 5.2 million

The people living in the Kurdistan Region are Kurds as well as Assyrians, Chaldeans, Turkmen, Armenians and Arabs.

The Region has a young and growing population, with 36% aged 0-14 years, and only 4% aged over 63. The median age in Kurdistan is just over 20, meaning more than 50% are less than 20.[1]

The Kurdistan Region’s demography has changed considerably in the last few decades mainly because of forced migration by the previous Iraqi government, which is one of the main reasons for the movement from the countryside to towns and cities. By 2001, at least 600,000 people were internally displaced mainly because of the previous Iraqi regime’s policies since the 1970s. This included more than 100,000 people expelled in November 1991 alone from Kirkuk by the Iraqi government. According to a UNDP survey, 66% of people living in Duhok province have been forced to change their residence due to war at any point in their lives, while the figures in Slemani and Erbil are 31% and 7%, respectively.[2]

Traditionally, the majority of people in the Kurdistan Region lived in villages and survived on farming and animal husbandry of mainly sheep and goats thanks to the land’s fertile soil. The Region was known as the breadbasket of Iraq. Today this has reversed, with the majority living and working in the three cities of Erbil, Duhok and Slemani and working in the government, construction, and trade.

In the 1980s Saddam Hussein’s regime destroyed over 4,000 villages and forcibly moved their residents to collective towns. Many of these villages have now been rebuilt. The Kurdistan Regional Government, with the support of UN agencies and NGOs, after 1991 rebuilt 2,620 of some 4,000 destroyed villages.

[1] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.6: Age in broad groups, mean and median age.

[2] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.12: Displacement due to war.

 



Latest Articles

France to further support Kurdistan Region

THU, 23 OCT 2014 12:41

Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq (krg.org) - Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani yesterday received France’s newly appointed ambassador to Iraq, Mr Mark Barety, and his accompanying delegation.

KRG Council of Ministers approves a bill to attract funds through borrowing

MON, 20 OCT 2014 21:23

Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq (krg.org) - In a statement to the official website of the Kurdistan Regional Government, the KRG Spokesperson Safeen Dizayee said, “The KRG Council of Ministers approved a bill, yesterday Sunday 19 October, that will allow the government to attracts funds through borrowing.”

Statement from Kurdistan Region Presidency Regarding the Delivery of Weapons to Kobane

MON, 20 OCT 2014 13:01

KRG Council of Ministers regular meeting discusses international bank loans and need for a new higher education policy

MON, 20 OCT 2014 12:29

United Nations sees improvements in human rights in Kurdistan Region

MON, 20 OCT 2014 09:41

Prime Minister Barzani and Spain’s ambassador discuss fight against ISIS

SUN, 19 OCT 2014 11:36

US delegation pledges America's continued support for Kurdistan

FRI, 17 OCT 2014 23:02

KRG officials call upon the international community to help abducted Kurdish Yezidi women

THU, 16 OCT 2014 12:45

Mladenov: Kurdistan’s participation in the Iraqi Government will be positive for Iraq’s political process

WED, 15 OCT 2014 18:43

British Foreign Secretary in Erbil: You will not be alone in your fight

TUE, 14 OCT 2014 23:58