Kurdistan Regional Government
SAT, 30 AUG 2014 09:23 Erbil, GMT +3

The people of the Kurdistan Region



Population: 5.2 million

The people living in the Kurdistan Region are Kurds as well as Assyrians, Chaldeans, Turkmen, Armenians and Arabs.

The Region has a young and growing population, with 36% aged 0-14 years, and only 4% aged over 63. The median age in Kurdistan is just over 20, meaning more than 50% are less than 20.[1]

The Kurdistan Region’s demography has changed considerably in the last few decades mainly because of forced migration by the previous Iraqi government, which is one of the main reasons for the movement from the countryside to towns and cities. By 2001, at least 600,000 people were internally displaced mainly because of the previous Iraqi regime’s policies since the 1970s. This included more than 100,000 people expelled in November 1991 alone from Kirkuk by the Iraqi government. According to a UNDP survey, 66% of people living in Duhok province have been forced to change their residence due to war at any point in their lives, while the figures in Slemani and Erbil are 31% and 7%, respectively.[2]

Traditionally, the majority of people in the Kurdistan Region lived in villages and survived on farming and animal husbandry of mainly sheep and goats thanks to the land’s fertile soil. The Region was known as the breadbasket of Iraq. Today this has reversed, with the majority living and working in the three cities of Erbil, Duhok and Slemani and working in the government, construction, and trade.

In the 1980s Saddam Hussein’s regime destroyed over 4,000 villages and forcibly moved their residents to collective towns. Many of these villages have now been rebuilt. The Kurdistan Regional Government, with the support of UN agencies and NGOs, after 1991 rebuilt 2,620 of some 4,000 destroyed villages.

[1] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.6: Age in broad groups, mean and median age.

[2] UNDP Iraq Living Conditions Survey 2004, Volume 1 Tabulation Report, Table 1.12: Displacement due to war.

 



Latest Articles

Prime Minister Barzani attends President Erdogan's inauguration ceremony

FRI, 29 AUG 2014 22:44

Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq (KRG.org) – KRG Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani yesterday attended the inauguration of Turkey's new President in a ceremony in Ankara.

Belgium to send 13 tonnes of humanitarian aid to Kurdistan

THU, 28 AUG 2014 20:43

Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq (DFR.krg.org) – Minister Falah Mustafa, Head of the KRG Department of Foreign Relations, today welcomed the Ambassador of Belgium to Jordan, Mr. Thomas Baekelandt, upon his first visit to Kurdistan.

Deputy Prime Minister Talabani: ISIS cannot be allowed a foothold anywhere in Iraq

THU, 28 AUG 2014 19:11

Norwegian and Iranian Foreign Ministers arrive in Erbil to demonstrate support for Kurdistan

THU, 28 AUG 2014 18:09

President Barzani meets commander of US Central Command General Austin

THU, 28 AUG 2014 16:08

Prime Minister Barzani discusses key issues with the press

WED, 27 AUG 2014 21:55

Texas court grants KRG's motion to vacate order

TUE, 26 AUG 2014 18:59

Hungary provides humanitarian assistance to Kurdistan

MON, 25 AUG 2014 19:42

Kurdistan Oil and Gas Council discusses fuel supply and economy with parliamentary committee

MON, 25 AUG 2014 16:30

Netherlands provides humanitarian aid and non-lethal military equipment to Kurdistan

SUN, 24 AUG 2014 19:11