Kurdistan Regional Government
FRI, 25 APR 2014 07:45 Erbil, GMT +3

Kurdistan''s geography and climate



The Kurdistan Region comprises parts of the three governorates of Erbil, Slemani and Duhok.

It borders Syria to the west, Iran to the east, and Turkey to the north, lying where fertile plains meet the Zagros mountains. It is traversed by the Sirwan river and the Tigris and its tributaries, the Great Zab and the Little Zab.

Area: 40,643 square kilometres [1]

Population: 3,757,058 [2]

Capital city: Erbil (also known as Hewler)

The mountains of the Kurdistan Region have an average height of about 2,400 metres, rising to 3,000–3,300 metres in places. The highest peak, Halgurd, is near the border with Iran and measures 3,660 metres. The highest mountain ridges contain the only forestland in the Region.[3]

Annual rainfall is 375-724mm. [4]

The climate of the Kurdistan Region is semi-arid continental: very hot and dry in summer, and cold and wet in winter.

Spring is the most beautiful season in Kurdistan and the time when Kurds celebrate Nawroz, the Kurdish New Year, on the spring or vernal equinox. Mean high temperatures range from 13-18 degrees in March to 27-32 degrees in May.[5]

The summer months from June to September are very hot and dry. In July and August, the hottest months, mean highs are 39-43 degrees, and often reach nearly 50 degrees.[6]

Autumn is dry and mild, and like spring is an ideal time of year to travel in the Region. Average temperatures are 24-29 degrees in October, cooling slightly in November.[7]

Winters are mild, except in the high mountains. Mean winter high temperatures are 7-13 degrees Celsius, and mean lows are 2-7 degrees Celsius.[8]

 

[1] KRG-administered territory only. Compiled by the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) from various national and regional sources: International Boundaries from National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) Digital Chart of the World (DCW). The primary source for the DCW database is the Operational Navigation Chart series co-produced by the military mapping authorities of Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, and the United States.

[2] According to Oil-for-Food Distribution Plan, approved by the UN, December 2002.

[3] United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP): http://sea.unep-wcmc.org/latenews/Iraq_2003/facts.htm.

[4] Derived from the Global Agro-Ecological Zones Study, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Land and Water Development Division (AGL), with the collaboration of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), 2000. Data averaged over a period of 37 years. Raster data-set has been exported as ASCII raster file type.

[5] US Air Force Combat Climatology Center.

[6] US Air Force Combat Climatology Center.

[7] US Air Force Combat Climatology Center.

[8] US Air Force Combat Climatology Center.
 



Latest Articles

KRG and IHEC call for more international observers and assistance in forthcoming elections

WED, 23 APR 2014 16:29

Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq (KRG.org) - The Independent High Commission for Elections (IHEC) in Iraq set out guidelines for international observers at the elections to the Iraqi parliament and the provincial councils of Erbil, Slemani and Duhok, scheduled to take place on April 30.

MNR ANNOUNCES THE PUBLICATION OF ITS ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT FOR 2013

MON, 21 APR 2014 18:22

Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq - The Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) announces the publication of its Annual Financial Report for 2013, a detailed and comprehensive guide to the financial operations of MNR.

KRG Minister calls for Kurdistan-UK partnership to grow

FRI, 18 APR 2014 00:52

Kurdistan welcomes British business, KRG officials tell trade association members

FRI, 18 APR 2014 00:27

Minister Mustafa calls on British parliamentarians to go with Kurdistan on its journey towards democracy

FRI, 18 APR 2014 00:05

Hungarian Deputy State Secretary visits Kurdistan

TUE, 1 APR 2014 19:33

STATEMENT BY KRG ON ITS OIL EXPORT INITIATIVE

MON, 31 MAR 2014 23:47

KRG Minister Mustafa briefs Washington on developments in Kurdistan and Iraq

SUN, 30 MAR 2014 16:40

Head of the DFR welcomes the new Polish Consul

SUN, 30 MAR 2014 15:27

Kurdistan Regional Government Minister delivers Newroz message at the United Nations

SUN, 30 MAR 2014 13:01